The Influence of Ridge Subduction on the Geochemistry of Vanuatu Arc Magmas

Deng, Chen; Jenner, Frances E.; Wan, Bo and Li, Ji‐Lei (2022). The Influence of Ridge Subduction on the Geochemistry of Vanuatu Arc Magmas. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 127(1), article no. e2021JB022833.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2021jb022833

Abstract

The effects of buoyant ridge subduction have been researched for decades. However, it remains unclear how this process influences magma chemistry. Here we use a compilation of geochemical data, well-established geochemical proxies (i.e., Ba/Nb, Th/Nb) and mantle redox modeling (i.e., V/Sc, Cu) to propose that the subduction of a ridge underneath the central portion of the Vanuatu arc causes shallow-angle subduction and the development of a slab tear. We suggest that the shallow slab pinches out the asthenospheric mantle and bulldozes ancient metasomatized lithospheric mantle from the forearc toward the main-arc. Slab-fluxed melting of this bulldozed material could account for the along-arc 87Sr/86Sr-143Nd/144Nd variations of the Vanuatu magmas. The influx of hot sub-slab material into the Vanuatu arc mantle wedge through a slab tear produces magmatism within the forearc. Modeling of V/Sc and Cu systematics suggest that the mantle source of the forearc magmas has a higher fO2 and Cu content than the source of the main-arc and rear-arc samples. The main-arc and rear-arc mantles were metasomatized by both slab-derived fluids and melts. Whereas release of high Cu-SO2 slab-derived fluids caused oxidation and Cu enrichment of the forearc mantle. These systematics indicate a decrease in the fO2 of slab fluxes with increasing depth-to-slab and distance-from-trench. Our findings highlight the role of ridge subduction in controlling the along-arc and across-arc variations in the chemistry of Vanuatu arc magmas. This updated geodynamic model, based on geochemistry, is consistent with recent geophysical constraints and 3D numerical modeling.

Viewing alternatives

Metrics

Public Attention

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Number of Citations

Citations from Dimensions

Item Actions

Export

About

Recommendations