Transitions for older people with learning disabilities and behaviours that challenge others, and their family carers: a merged protocol for two rapid scoping reviews of evidence

Vseteckova, J.; Jordan, J.; Tilley, E.; Larkin, M.; Ryan, S. and Wallace, L. M. (2022). Transitions for older people with learning disabilities and behaviours that challenge others, and their family carers: a merged protocol for two rapid scoping reviews of evidence. Systematic Reviews, 11(1)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-021-01883-3

Abstract

Background: There are over 1 million adults with a learning disability in the UK, of whom approximately 20% displaying behaviours that challenge others. Two thirds of people with learning disabilities live in the family home. As they and their family carers age, both are likely to face particular difficulties and stresses, but there is little understanding of their experiences and needs. To address this evidence gap, our main objective is to undertake two rapid scoping reviews that will collectively focus on the health and social care needs, experiences, service interventions and resources of older people with learning disabilities and behaviours that challenge others, and their family carers. Both reviews will focus on issues relating to forward planning and transitions to different care contexts. The study is part of a research project funded by the National Institute for Health Research No.129491.

Methods: We propose to address the need for evidence via two rapid scoping reviews. We will include published and unpublished (grey) literature, encompassing empirical research, policy and practice guidance and lay resources to support decision-making. We will search multiple electronic databases, hand search references lists, and use expert guidance to identify potential evidence. The following databases were used for research and grey literature: CINAHL; Healthcare Management Information Consortium (HMIC); NHS Evidence; Scopus; Turning Evidence Into Practice (TRIP); Web of Science (WoS); Google (first 5 pages); and Google Scholar (first 5 pages). For RR2, additional intended databases are the Carer Research Knowledge Exchange Network (CAREN) and Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE). Two reviewers will independently screen all citations and full-text articles for inclusion. One reviewer will extract data, with an independent review undertaken by the research team. Critical appraisal will depend on the nature of included evidence. Narrative synthesis will be collaboratively developed, with descriptive information presented in tables summarising study characteristics and thematic analysis of findings presented in the main text. Dissemination will be through journal publication, conference presentations and written short-form, easy-read versions of articles and audio-video clips for lay audiences.

Discussion: We will consider the strengths and limitations of our reviews, considering their impact on findings. We will summarise the main findings and provide an interpretation linked to the review questions and objectives. We will consider the implications of our findings for policy and practice, as well as future research addressing the support of older people with learning difficulties and behaviours that challenge others, and their family carers, in the context of transition to different care contexts in the UK.

The protocol has been registered as Vseteckova, J., Jordan, J., Tilley, E., Larkin, M., Ryan, S., and Wallace, L. (2021, December 4). Transitions for older people with learning disabilities and behaviours that challenge others, and their family carers: a merged protocol for two rapid scoping reviews of evidence. Retrieved from osf.io/jzrn9.

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