Social determinants of mental well-being: senses of powerlessness and empowerment among Romani in Ukraine

Gorbunova, Viktoriia; Gusak, Natalia; Klymchuk, Vitalii; Palii, Valeriia; Ustenko, Vitalina; Kondur, Zemfira; Popenko, Viola and Oates, John (2021). Social determinants of mental well-being: senses of powerlessness and empowerment among Romani in Ukraine. Mental Health and Social Inclusion (Early access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-11-2021-0081

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this paper is to explore senses of powerlessness and empowerment among Romani in Ukraine in relation to such social circles as the extended family, the Romani local community and the whole Ukrainian society. The main research interest is focused on situations and factors that make people feel powerless or empowered.

Design/methodology/approach
The study was conducted using a semi-structured interview method via telephone. Romani NGO experts approved the interview content. Trained Roma-facilitators were interviewers. Every interview was transcribed for further thematic analysis.

Findings
The most prominent empowerment factors for Romani people are located within their families and local communities, while the bigger society (Ukrainians themselves and Ukrainian public institutions) is a main source of powerlessness. At the same time, the rigid role of family and community expectations is seen as detrimental for both males and females.

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About

  • Item ORO ID
  • 81379
  • Item Type
  • Journal Item
  • ISSN
  • 2042-8308
  • Project Funding Details
  • Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
    Ethnicity and Mental Health: Exploring Nonmedical Approaches to Mental Health for Roma Communities in EuropeOR 2019–64315Foundation Open Society Institute
  • Keywords
  • Mental health; Inclusion; Ethnicity; Romani communities; Senses of powerlessness; Social determinants of mental well-being; Senses of empowerment; Semi-structured interview
  • Academic Unit or School
  • Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies (WELS)
  • Research Group
  • Childhood Youth and Sport Group (CYSG)
  • Copyright Holders
  • © 2021 Emerald Publishing Limited
  • Depositing User
  • John Oates

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