Introducing edge-biregular maps

Reade, Olivia (2021). Introducing edge-biregular maps. Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics (Early access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10801-021-01097-9

Abstract

We introduce the concept of alternate-edge-colourings for maps and study highly symmetric examples of such maps. Edge-biregular maps of type (k,l) occur as smooth normal quotients of a particular index two subgroup of Tk,l, the full triangle group describing regular plane (k,l)-tessellations. The resulting colour-preserving automorphism groups can be generated by four involutions. We explore special cases when the usual four generators are not distinct involutions, with constructions relating these maps to fully regular maps. We classify edge-biregular maps when the supporting surface has non-negative Euler characteristic, and edge-biregular maps on arbitrary surfaces when the colour-preserving automorphism group is isomorphic to a dihedral group.

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