In-situ continuous hydrothermal synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles on conductive N-doped MXene nanosheets for binder-free li-ion battery anodes

Alli, Uthman; McCarthy, Kieran; Baragau, Ioan-Alexandru; Power, Nicholas P.; Morgan, David J.; Dunn, Steven; Killian, Seamus; Kennedy, Tadhg and Kellici, Suela (2021). In-situ continuous hydrothermal synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles on conductive N-doped MXene nanosheets for binder-free li-ion battery anodes. Chemical Engineering Journal (Early Access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.132976

Abstract

Anode materials are key to determining the energy density, cyclability and of life recyclability for Li-ion energy storage systems. High surface area materials, such as MXenes, can be manufactured with improved electrochemical properties that remove the need for polymeric binders or hazardous chemicals that pose a challenge to recycle Li-ion batteries. However, there remains a challenge to produce Li-ion anode materials that are binder free and poses energy storage characteristics that match the current carbon-based electrodes. Here we show the synthesis of N-doped MXene-TiO2 hybrid anode materials using an aqueous route. N-doped TiO2-MXene was modified using a single step continuous hydrothermal process. Capacity tests indicate an improvement from the initial specific energy capacity of 305 mAhg−1 to 369 mAhg−1 after 100 cycles at a charge rate of 0.1 C and a Coulombic efficiency of 99.7%. This compares to 252 mAhg−1 for the unmodified MXene which exhibited significant capacity fade to 140 mAhg−1. The ability to manufacture a Li-ion anode that does not require toxic chemicals for processing into an electrode and exhibits good energy storage characteristics in a binder free system is a significant step forward for energy storage applications.

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