On the divine clockwork: The spectral gap for the correspondence limit of the Nelson diffusion generator for the atomic elliptic state

Durran, Richard; Neate, Andrew; Truman, Aubrey and Wang, Feng-Yu (2008). On the divine clockwork: The spectral gap for the correspondence limit of the Nelson diffusion generator for the atomic elliptic state. Journal of Mathematical Physics, 49(10) p. 102103.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2988715

Abstract

The correspondence limit of the atomic elliptic state in three dimensions is discussed in terms of Nelson’s stochastic mechanics. In previous work we have shown that this approach leads to a limiting Nelson diffusion, and here we discuss in detail the invariant measure for this process and show that it is concentrated on the Kepler ellipse in the plane ????=0. We then show that the limiting Nelson diffusion generator has a spectral gap; thereby proving that in the infinite time limit the density for the limiting Nelson diffusion will converge to its invariant measure. We also include a summary of the Cheeger and Poincaré inequalities, both of which are used in our proof of the existence of the spectral gap.

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