Community resilience and flooding in UK guidance: A critical review of concepts, definitions, and their implications

Ntontis, Evangelos; Drury, John; Amlôt, Richard; Rubin, Gideon James and Williams, Richard (2018). Community resilience and flooding in UK guidance: A critical review of concepts, definitions, and their implications. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 27(1) pp. 2–13.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5973.12223

Abstract

Community resilience is one of the main strategies that UK governments employ to deal with the impact of floods. In this paper, we analyse how community resilience is used in 28 UK guidance documents that refer to floods and discuss the benefits and drawbacks of different conceptualizations. We show that some documents represent community resilience as the absence of illness, as the opposite of vulnerability, as a static and unchanging element, or in a circular way as both a cause and an outcome. By contrast, some documents avoid generalizations and focus more specifically on the concept’s behavioural, relational, cognitive, and psychological aspects. We discuss the implications of different conceptualizations of community resilience for its operationalization by policymakers and practitioners.

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