Enabling Precision Education by Learning Analytics Applying Trace, Survey and Assessment Data

Tempelaar, Dirk; Rienties, Bart and Nguyen, Quan (2021). Enabling Precision Education by Learning Analytics Applying Trace, Survey and Assessment Data. In: 2021 International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT), IEEE, pp. 355–359.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICALT52272.2021.00114


Accurate and timely measurement of learning engagement is crucial for the application of precision education. At the same time, it is still a central research theme, both in the learning analytics community as in the broader area of educational research. 'Engagement is one of the hottest research topics in the field of educational psychology' is for a good reason the opening sentence of a recent special issue. In our contribution, we propose a holistic approach to the measurement of engagement by integrating data of behavioral type through traces of learning processes captured from log files into affective, behavioral, and cognitive measures of engagement collected with surveys and cognitive measures from assessments for and as learning. We apply this holistic approach in an empirical analysis of dispositional learning analytics. Starting from four different engagement profiles created by two-step clustering, we find that these profiles primarily differ in their timing of engagement with learning. Next, we develop regression-based prediction models that make clear that trace, survey, and assessment data have complementary roles in signaling students at risk for failure and are all three crucial constituents of prediction equations that differ in the timing of learning feedback.

Viewing alternatives


Public Attention

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Number of Citations

Citations from Dimensions
No digital document available to download for this item

Item Actions



  • Item ORO ID
  • 78510
  • Item Type
  • Conference or Workshop Item
  • Keywords
  • dispositional learning analytics; precision education; trace data; survey data
  • Academic Unit or School
  • Institute of Educational Technology (IET)
  • Research Group
  • OpenTEL
  • Copyright Holders
  • © 2021 IEEE
  • Depositing User
  • Bart Rienties