TOI-257b (HD 19916b): a warm sub-saturn orbiting an evolved F-type star

Addison, Brett C; Wright, Duncan J; Nicholson, Belinda A; Cale, Bryson; Mocnik, Teo; Huber, Daniel; Plavchan, Peter; Wittenmyer, Robert A; Vanderburg, Andrew; Chaplin, William J; Chontos, Ashley; Clark, Jake T; Eastman, Jason D; Ziegler, Carl; Brahm, Rafael; Carter, Bradley D; Clerte, Mathieu; Espinoza, Néstor; Horner, Jonathan; Bentley, John; Jordán, Andrés; Kane, Stephen R; Kielkopf, John F; Laychock, Emilie; Mengel, Matthew W; Okumura, Jack; Stassun, Keivan G; Bedding, Timothy R; Bowler, Brendan P; Burnelis, Andrius; Blanco-Cuaresma, Sergi; Collins, Michaela; Crossfield, Ian; Davis, Allen B; Evensberget, Dag; Heitzmann, Alexis; Howell, Steve B; Law, Nicholas; Mann, Andrew W; Marsden, Stephen C; Matson, Rachel A; O’Connor, James H; Shporer, Avi; Stevens, Catherine; Tinney, C G; Tylor, Christopher; Wang, Songhu; Zhang, Hui; Henning, Thomas; Kossakowski, Diana; Ricker, George; Sarkis, Paula; Schlecker, Martin; Torres, Pascal; Vanderspek, Roland; Latham, David W; Seager, Sara; Winn, Joshua N; Jenkins, Jon M; Mireles, Ismael; Rowden, Pam; Pepper, Joshua; Daylan, Tansu; Schlieder, Joshua E; Collins, Karen A; Collins, Kevin I; Tan, Thiam-Guan; Ball, Warrick H; Basu, Sarbani; Buzasi, Derek L; Campante, Tiago L; Corsaro, Enrico; González-Cuesta, L; Davies, Guy R; de Almeida, Leandro; do Nascimento, Jose-Dias; García, Rafael A; Guo, Zhao; Handberg, Rasmus; Hekker, Saskia; Hey, Daniel R; Kallinger, Thomas; Kawaler, Steven D; Kayhan, Cenk; S. Kuszlewicz, James; Lund, Mikkel N; Lyttle, Alexander; Mathur, Savita; Miglio, Andrea; Mosser, Benoit; Nielsen, Martin B; Serenelli, Aldo M; Aguirre, Victor Silva and Themeßl, Nathalie (2020). TOI-257b (HD 19916b): a warm sub-saturn orbiting an evolved F-type star. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 502(3) pp. 3704–3722.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa3960

Abstract

ABSTRACT We report the discovery of a warm sub-Saturn, TOI-257b (HD 19916b), based on data from NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). The transit signal was detected by TESS and confirmed to be of planetary origin based on radial velocity observations. An analysis of the TESS photometry, the Minerva-Australis, FEROS, and HARPS radial velocities, and the asteroseismic data of the stellar oscillations reveals that TOI-257b has a mass of MP = 0.138 ± 0.023 $\rm {M_J}$ (43.9 ± 7.3 $\, M_{\rm \oplus}$), a radius of RP = 0.639 ± 0.013 $\rm {R_J}$ (7.16 ± 0.15 $\, \mathrm{ R}_{\rm \oplus}$), bulk density of $0.65^{+0.12}_{-0.11}$ (cgs), and period $18.38818^{+0.00085}_{-0.00084}$ $\rm {days}$. TOI-257b orbits a bright (V = 7.612 mag) somewhat evolved late F-type star with M* = 1.390 ± 0.046 $\rm {M_{sun}}$, R* = 1.888 ± 0.033 $\rm {R_{sun}}$, Teff = 6075 ± 90 $\rm {K}$, and vsin i = 11.3 ± 0.5 km s−1. Additionally, we find hints for a second non-transiting sub-Saturn mass planet on a ∼71 day orbit using the radial velocity data. This system joins the ranks of a small number of exoplanet host stars (∼100) that have been characterized with asteroseismology. Warm sub-Saturns are rare in the known sample of exoplanets, and thus the discovery of TOI-257b is important in the context of future work studying the formation and migration history of similar planetary systems.

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