Influence of Nanostructures in Perovskite Solar Cells

Ghosh, Paheli; Sundaram, Senthilarasu; Nixon, Tony and Krishnamurthy, Satheesh (2021). Influence of Nanostructures in Perovskite Solar Cells. Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering (Early Access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815732-9.00054-1

Abstract

Inorganic–organic hybrid perovskite solar cells, a low-cost viable substitute to conventional silicon technology, have seen an unparalleled efficiency improvement within a span of few years due to their unique tunable properties and ease of fabrication methodology. These hybrid structures are greatly influenced by nanomaterials/nanostructures in enhancing their properties. Nanostructures implemented into sensitizing, hole transporting and electron selective layers in these devices, aid to increasing surface area-to-volume ratio, facilitate charge accumulation, and transport through interfaces. Nanocarbons are seen as potential alternatives to organic hole conductors, boasting inexpensive earth-abundant components, and good stability. Perovskite photovoltaic devices have prospects of becoming an important source of clean energy devices, or even powering portable devices.

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