Comparison of spherical and aspherical intraocular lenses with decentration and tilt error using a physical model of human contrast vision and an image quality metric

Oltrup, Theo; Bende, Thomas; Al-Mohamedi, Haroun; Cayless, Alan; Bende, Marvin; Leitritz, Martin A. and Bartz Schmidt, Karl-Ulrich (2021). Comparison of spherical and aspherical intraocular lenses with decentration and tilt error using a physical model of human contrast vision and an image quality metric. Zeitschrift für Medizinische Physik (Early Access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.zemedi.2021.01.004

Abstract

Purpose
In this study, two intraocular lenses (spherical IOL SA60AT and aspherical IOL SN60WF) are examined in an eye model under conditions of misalignment (defocus, decentration and tilt). The lenses are rated using the contrast sensitivity function (CSF) based on Barten's physical model. The square root integral (SQRI) method is used as a quality criterion comparable to the subjective image quality assessment of the human eye.

Methods
The IOLs to be tested are decentered from 0 to 1mm and tilted from −5 to +5 degrees in the Navarro eye model (optimized for far-point 6m and pupil aperture 3mm). The defocus of the IOLs is ±0.1mm at the anterior chamber depth (ACD). The optical modulation transfer function (MTF) is simulated with a ray tracing program. The SQRI is calculated using this MTF and the Barten CSF model (for in-focus at aperture 3 and 4.5mm and for defocus at 3mm).

Results
With increasing decentration, the spherical IOL shows a significantly smaller loss of quality for both apertures compared to the aspherical lens. With an aperture of 4.5mm, the image quality of the aspherical IOL is better for small decentration and tilt. The loss of quality of the spherical IOL increases with increasing tilt in both directions. In contrast, the image quality of the aspherical IOL is reduced under decentration for certain tilt values. For ACD−0.1mm, both IOLs behave similarly to the in-focus situation. For ACD+0.1mm, the influence of tilt without decentration is small for both IOLs. With increasing decentration, the quality loss of the aspherical IOL is similar to that in-focus and greater than that of the spherical lens.

Conclusion
In general, under the same conditions the spherical SA60AT displays a lower tolerance in loss of quality of subjective vision with lens alignment errors, in comparison to the aspherical SN60WF, limited by certain combinations of decentration and tilt according to this study. This study shows a way to evaluate IOLs based on the subjective visual performance of the eye.

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