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Analysis of volcanic activity patterns using MODIS thermal alerts

Rothery, Dave A.; Coppola, Diego and Saunders, Charlotte (2005). Analysis of volcanic activity patterns using MODIS thermal alerts. Bulletin of Volcanology, 67(6) pp. 539–556.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-004-0393-3
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Abstract

We investigate eruptive activity by analysis of thermal-alert data from the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) thermal infrared satellite instrument, detected by the MODVOLC (MODIS Volcano alert) algorithm. These data are openly available on a website, and easy to use. We show how such data can plug major gaps in the conventional monitoring record of volcanoes in an otherwise generally poorly-documented region (Melanesia), including: characterising the mechanism of lava effusion at Pago; demonstrating an earlier-than-realised onset of lava effusion at Lopevi; extending the known period of lava lake activity at Ambrym; and confirming on-going activity at Bagana, Langila and Tinakula. We also add to the record of activity even at some generally better-monitored volcanoes in Indonesia, but point out that care must be taken to recognise and exclude fires.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 1432-0819
Extra Information: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Keywords: MODIS; remote sensing; thermal monitoring; Indonesia; Melanesia; MODIS; Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer; MODVOLC; MODIS Volcano alert; NTI; normalised thermal index
Academic Unit/Department: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Physical Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Item ID: 73
Depositing User: Users 12 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 May 2006
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2016 18:31
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/73
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