The Open UniversitySkip to content
 

The governance of corporations, technological change, and risk: examining industrial perspectives on the development of genetically modified crops

Tait, Joyce and Chataway, Joanna (2007). The governance of corporations, technological change, and risk: examining industrial perspectives on the development of genetically modified crops. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 25(1) pp. 21–37.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1068/c0615j
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar

Abstract

Why do corporations develop technologies which can be associated with the generation of various environmental risks and how are the technologies that they develop governed by factors within and around firms? The authors examine the factors that have motivated and guided technological innovation, based on an examination of multinational companies developing genetically modified (GM) crops for the European market. The analysis is based on an inherently interdisciplinary approach to the study of innovation, which incorporates factors that are governed endogenously through the processes within companies (that is, strategic decisionmaking) and exogenously through interactions between firms and their external constituents (that is, government policies and regulations, and stakeholder and public perspectives and engagements). It is found that the introduction of GM technologies in Europe has been shaped significantly by public perception and societal reactions. It is also found that the aspects of industry strategies which contributed most to the course of European public opposition to GM crops were: (a) the choice of first-generation GM products; (b) interactions between pesticide-product and biotechnology-product strategies in different companies, and industry’s efforts to present their sector and its products as contributing to sustainable development; (c) cultural and world-view differences between companies; and (d) company responses to European biotechnology policies and risk regulation. It is demonstrated that actions which seem rational to individual actors (corporations, governments, public interest groups) can have counterintuitive, and often counterproductive, outcomes in the longer term and when considered from the perspective of interactions within broader governance processes.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 0263-774X
Keywords: GMOs; governance; risk; technological change
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies > Development
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Research Group: Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)
Institute for Innovation Generation in the Life Sciences (Innogen)
Related URLs:
Item ID: 7271
Depositing User: Jo Chataway
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2019 08:26
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/7271
Share this page:

Metrics

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU