Schirmer, S.G.; Fu, H. and Solomon, A.I.
Complete controllability of quantum systems.
Physical Review A, 63(6) 063410 -063417.
Sufficient conditions for complete controllability of N-level quantum systems subject to a single control pulse that addresses multiple allowed transitions concurrently are established. The results are applied in particular to Morse and harmonic-oscillator systems, as well as some systems with degenerate energy levels. Controllability of these model systems is of special interest since they have many applications in physics, e.g., Morse and harmonic oscillators serve as models for molecular bonds, and the standard control approach of using a sequence of frequency-selective pulses to address a single transition at a time is either not applicable or only of limited utility for such systems.
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