NEPSC2, the North Ecliptic Pole SCUBA-2 survey: 850-μm map and catalogue of 850-μm selected sources over 2 deg2

Shim, Hyunjin; Kim, Yeonsik; Lee, Dongseob; Lee, Hyung Mok; Goto, Tomo; Matsuhara, Hideo; Scott, Douglas; Serjeant, Stephen; Ao, Yiping; Barrufet, Laia; Chapman, Scott; Clements, David L.; Conselice, Christopher J.; Greve, Thomas R.; Hashimoto, Tetsuya; Hwang, Ho Seong; Im, Myungshin; Jeong, Woong-Seob; Jiang, Linhua; Kim, Minjin; Kim, Seong Jin; Kong, Albert K. H.; Koprowski, Maciej; Marchetti, Lucia; Michałowski, Michał J.; Parsons, Harriet; Pearson, Chris; Seo, Hyunjong; Toba, Yoshiki and White, Glenn (2020). NEPSC2, the North Ecliptic Pole SCUBA-2 survey: 850-μm map and catalogue of 850-μm selected sources over 2 deg2. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Early Access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa2621

Abstract

Abstract We present an 850-μm mosaic map and extracted catalogue of submillimetre sources in the extended North Ecliptic Pole (NEP) region over about 2 deg2. The 850-μm map is constructed using newly obtained observations by SCUBA-2 at the East Asian Observatory’s James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, carried out using the observatory’s large programme opportunities. The recent 850-μm survey has extended the submillimetre data coverage by almost a factor of 4 compared to previous surveys, with a depth of σrms = 1.0–2.3 mJy beam−1. The catalogue contains 549 sources selected above a significance level of 4σ, where the false-detection rate is 10 per cent; a higher threshold of 4.5σ is required in order to achieve a false-detection rate below 3 per cent, which results in 342 sources being selected. Despite the large spatial variation of the noise, the deboosted flux density of sources is comparable to results from the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS), which covered the central 0.6 deg2 of our survey area with better sensitivity. We construct the source counts at 850 μm, finding results in agreement with other 850-μm surveys in cosmological blank fields over S850 = 4–15 mJy. We find a slight excess of bright galaxies (S850 > 15 mJy), which can be considered to be at ɀphot = 2–4. The 850-μm data adds valuable long-wavelength information to mid-infrared-selected sources from the AKARI NEP-deep and NEP-wide surveys, which will be helpful in preparing for future near-infrared to millimetre wavelength observations in the NEP region. Our 850-μm mosaic map and source catalogue will be made publicly available.

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