Culture, policy and subsidiarity in the European Union: From symbolic identity to the governmentalisation of culture.
Political Geography, 20(4),
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This paper critically assesses the discourse of cultural policy initiatives of the European Union (EU) during the 1990s. It focuses upon the formulation of so-called ‘cultural action’ following the recognition of culture in the Treaty on European Union in 1992. It explores the multiple instrumentalities ascribed to culture as a medium for the management of European integration, and suggests that the evolution of policies to promote cultural co-operation are indicative of a progressive ‘governmentalisation’ of culture at the EU-level. The paper argues that the focus of critical evaluation of EU cultural-policy should be upon practices of citizenship participation in emergent network polities.
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