Structural, 57 Fe Mössbauer and XPS studies of mechanosynthesized nanocrystalline Nd0.33Eu0.67Fe1-xCrxO3 particles

Al-Rashdi, K. S; Widatallah, H. M; Elzain, M. E; Gismelseed, A. M; Al-Rawas, A. D; Myint, M. T. Z; Al Mawali, F; Al-Harthi, S. H; Moore, Elaine and Crabb, Eleanor (2020). Structural, 57 Fe Mössbauer and XPS studies of mechanosynthesized nanocrystalline Nd0.33Eu0.67Fe1-xCrxO3 particles. Materials Research Bulletin, 132, article no. 111004.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2020.111004

Abstract

We report on the structure and surface composition of Nd0.33Eu0.67Fe1-xCrxO3 (x = 0.0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9 and 1.0) nanoparticles (∼30 nm) mechanosynthesized at temperatures that are ∼ 470– 700 °C lower than those at which the pure and doped pristine materials conventionally form. XRD Rietveld and FT-IR analyses show that with increasing x the lattice parameters decrease and the bond lengths and angles vary in a way that reduces crystalline distortion. Whilst the majority of the Eu3+/Nd3+ and Fe3+/Cr3+ cations occupy the normal perovskite-related A- and B-sites, respectively, ∼ 5% of them exchange sites. 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy confirms the presence of these antisites and reveals a superparamagnetic behaviour at 298 K that enhances with increasing x. XPS measurement reveals a complex surface composition of the nanoparticles with traces of Eu2O3, Nd2O3, Cr2O3 and Fe2O3 as well as partial O2--deficiency.

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