Analysis of non-derivatised bacteriohopanepolyols by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry

Talbot, Helen M.; Sidgwick, Frances R.; Bischoff, Juliane; Osborne, Kate A.; Rush, Darci; Sherry, Angela and Spencer-Jones, Charlotte L. (2016). Analysis of non-derivatised bacteriohopanepolyols by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 30(19) pp. 2087–2098.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.7696

Abstract

Rationale
Traditional investigation of bacteriohopanepolyols (BHPs) has relied on derivatisation by acetylation prior to gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) or liquid chromatography/MS (LC/MS) analysis. Here, modern chromatographic techniques (ultrahigh‐performance liquid chromatography (UPLC)) and new column chemistries were tested to develop a method for BHP analysis without the need for derivatisation.

Methods
Bacterial culture and sedimentary lipid extracts were analysed using a Waters Acquity Xevo TQ‐S triple quadrupole mass spectrometer in positive ion atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation (APCI) mode. Waters BEH C18 and ACE Excel C18 were the central columns evaluated using a binary solvent gradient with 0.1% formic acid in the polar solvent phase in order to optimise performance and selectivity.

Results
Non‐amine BHPs and adenosylhopane showed similar performance on each C18 column; however, BHP‐containing terminal amines were only identified eluting from the ultra‐inert ACE Excel C18 column. APCI‐MS/MS product ion scans revealed significant differences in fragmentation pathways from previous methods for acetylated compounds. The product ions used for targeted multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) are summarised.

Conclusions
UPLC/MS/MS analysis using an ACE Excel C18 column produced superior separation for amine‐containing BHPs and reduced run times from 60 to 9 min compared with previous methods. Unexpected variations in fragmentation pathways between structural subgroups must be taken into account when optimising MRM transitions for future quantitative studies.

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