Electro-deposited nano-webbed structures based on polyaniline/multi walled carbon nanotubes for enzymatic detection of organophosphates

Nagabooshanam, Shalini; John, Alishba T; Wadhwa, Shika; Mathur, Ashish; Krishnamurthy, Satheesh and Bharadwaj, Lalit M (2020). Electro-deposited nano-webbed structures based on polyaniline/multi walled carbon nanotubes for enzymatic detection of organophosphates. Food Chemistry, 323, article no. 126784.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126784

Abstract

We report the development of an ultrasensitive electrochemical sensor using polyaniline (PANi) and carboxyl functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (fMWCNT) for the detection of organophosphates (OPs) in real samples. The sensor was tested in the linear concentration range of 10 ng/L to 120 ng/L. The limit of detection (LoD) was found to be 8.8 ng/L with sensitivity 0.41 mA/ng/L/cm2 for chlorpyrifos (CPF); and 10.2 ng/L with sensitivity 0.58 mA/ng/L/cm2 for methyl parathion (MP). The vegetable samples (cucumber) were also tested. The average % recovery for CPF and MP were found to be 98.05% and 96.63% respectively. The developed sensor showed stability for a period of 30 days. The interference of the sensor was studied with heavy metals (cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), arsenic (As)) which was found to be < 10%. The developed sensor will play a major role in real-time monitoring of food products, leading to food safety.

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