Interventions to Widen Participation for Black and Asian Minority Ethnic Men into the Nursing Profession: A Scoping Review

Garcia, Rebecca (2020). Interventions to Widen Participation for Black and Asian Minority Ethnic Men into the Nursing Profession: A Scoping Review. Journal of Diversity & Equality in Health and Care (In press).

Abstract

Background: The United Kingdom government has recognised the need to increase the number of qualified nurses as well as diversify the nursing workforce. Men are underrepresented in nursing alongside specific minority ethnic groups. Evidence shows that increasing workforce diversity leads to improvements in cost management, health outcomes and contributes towards increasing cultural competency in the workforce. Widening participation interventions have been devised to encourage underrepresented groups into the workforce, but little is known about the specific interventions for groups such as Black and Asian minority ethnic men. This paper reports the findings of a scoping review aiming to identify specific interventions to widen participation for Black, Asian and minority ethnic men into the nursing profession in the United Kingdom.

Methods: A scoping review methodology was implemented, following the Arksey & O’Malley, (2005) framework. A key word strategy was used, implementing population, profession, intervention intention and region.

Results: No specific interventions for Black and Asian minority men were identified meeting the pre-determined inclusion criteria. However, five studies that considered widening participation interventions more generally were identified as worthy of further analysis.

Conclusion: There is a lack of rigorously researched and reported interventions aimed at widening participation into nursing for Black and Asian minority ethnic men. We do not know the effectiveness of any interventions aimed at this group, as they have not been appropriately evaluated. This review is of benefit to policy makers, those who commission interventions around workforce diversity and nurse recruitment. This review suggests that future widening participation interventions should be appropriately targeted, implemented and evaluated so that others can build on well evidenced good practice.

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