The Open UniversitySkip to content

Higher Education and the Knowledge Society: issues, challenges and responses in Norway and Germany

Arthur, Lore (2006). Higher Education and the Knowledge Society: issues, challenges and responses in Norway and Germany. Research in Comparative and International Education, 1(3) pp. 241–252.

Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


This paper investigates how employers and university leaders in two very different countries, Germany and Norway, are responding to the challenges imposed by the global knowledge economy and the 1999 Bologna Declaration. It asks: Does society need more or fewer graduates? What competencies do employers expect of their graduate workers? How do higher education institutions perceive their responsibility towards the employability of their graduates? Both countries offer the opportunity to illustrate responses to shared challenges. From a comparative perspective a number of issues have emerged. In Germany, the country’s federal structure with divided responsibilities remains a cause of frustration. Reforms are slow and laden with complexities. Norway’s centralised system of higher education, on the other hand, and the availability of resources, has eased higher education reforms but not anxieties about the country’s economic future ‘once the oil runs out’. However, the successes of two mass higher education systems built on Humboldtian traditions are also discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 1745-4999
Keywords: comparative; higher education; area of work; employability
Academic Unit/Department: Education and Language Studies > Education
Education and Language Studies
Item ID: 6875
Depositing User: Lore Arthur
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2016 16:27
Share this page:

▼ Automated document suggestions from open access sources

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   + 44 (0)870 333 4340