Changes in Employment: The Role of the State and Its Reconfiguration in the Liberalisation of Employment Policies

Woodcock, Jamie (2018). Changes in Employment: The Role of the State and Its Reconfiguration in the Liberalisation of Employment Policies. In: Stewart, Paul and Fedyuk, Olena eds. Inclusion and Exclusion in Europe: Migration, Work and Employment Perspectives. London: ECPR Press, pp. 17–34.

URL: https://www.rowmaninternational.com/book/inclusion...

Abstract

In order to address the role of the state and its reconfiguration in the liberalisation of employment policies it is first necessary to situate the dynamics involved both temporally and geographically. The countries that are the subject of this chapter can be broadly divided into three groups: first, the UK, a member of the European Union (EU) with its own currency that has been at the forefront of implementing neoliberal policies. The second is France, Spain and Germany, EU member states that use the single currency. While there are of course important differences between the three, the membership of a monetary union introduces a number of common dynamics. The last is Poland, a more recent EU member state that had undergone a rapid transition from being a so-called member of the communist bloc to the free market with its own currency. The chapter begins by discussing the emergence and development of neoliberalism, before moving on to discuss migration. The example of the UK will be examined, focusing on the role of the state and new employment policies. The next part will discuss France, Spain and Germany while considering the trends in the Eurozone more generally. Finally, the last section considers the trajectory of Poland, before drawing overall conclusions.

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