Leadership and Comparative Models of Governance in Public Services in England and Wales

Baxter, Jacqueline and Farrell, Catherine (2015). Leadership and Comparative Models of Governance in Public Services in England and Wales. In: Policy and Politics Conference 2015: Democracy, Inequality and Power: Redefining Classic Concepts for the 21st Century, 15 Sep 2015, University of Bristol.

Abstract

Effective governance and leadership of public services is a pressing issue, particularly during times of austerity. Managing on reduced resources whilst also ensuring an effective service for stakeholders is a challenge facing all governments. This paper investigates how via a range of policy innovations, models of governance are changing. Taking England and Wales as a case study, we examine how these challenges have affected a shift from a predominantly stakeholder models to appointed and also the elected models of governance in four service areas: education, health care, the fire service and policing. The paper finds that particularly in England, the stakeholder model is being undermined and in many cases replaced by appointed, elected or skills based boards.This shift away from stakeholer boards has important implications for accountability and scrutiny within public services.

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