The Open UniversitySkip to content

A geometric morphometric approach to the study of variation of shovel-shaped incisors

Carayon, Delphine; Adhikari, Kaustubh; Monsarrat, Paul; Dumoncel, Jean; Braga, José; Duployer, Benjamin; Delgado, Miguel; Fuentes-Guajardo, Macarena; de Beer, Frikkie; Hoffman, Jakobus W.; Oettlé, Anna C.; Donat, Richard; Pan, Lei; Ruiz-Linares, Andres; Tenailleau, Christophe; Vaysse, Frédéric; Esclassan, Rémi and Zanolli, Clément (2019). A geometric morphometric approach to the study of variation of shovel-shaped incisors. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 168(1) pp. 229–241.

Full text available as:
PDF (Accepted Manuscript) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (1MB) | Preview
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Objectives: The scoring and analysis of dental nonmetric traits are predominantly accomplished by using the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System (ASUDAS), a standard protocol based on strict definitions and three‐dimensional dental plaques. However, visual scoring, even when controlled by strict definitions of features, visual reference, and the experience of the observer, includes an unavoidable part of subjectivity. In this methodological contribution, we propose a new quantitative geometric morphometric approach to quickly and efficiently assess the variation of shoveling in modern human maxillary central incisors (UI1).
Materials and methods: We analyzed 87 modern human UI1s by means of virtual imaging and the ASU‐UI1 dental plaque grades using geometric morphometrics by placing semilandmarks on the labial crown aspect. The modern human sample was composed of individuals from Europe, Africa, and Asia and included representatives of all seven grades defined by the ASUDAS method.
Results: Our results highlighted some limitations in the use of the current UI1 ASUDAS plaque, indicating that it did not necessarily represent an objective gradient of expression of a nonmetric tooth feature. Rating of shoveling tended to be more prone to intra‐ and interobserver bias for the highest grades. In addition, our analyses suggest that the observers were strongly influenced by the depth of the lingual crown aspect when assessing the shoveling.
Discussion: In this context, our results provide a reliable and reproducible framework reinforced by statistical results supporting the fact that open scale numerical measurements can complement the ASUDAS method.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN: 0002-9483
Keywords: ASUDAS; Procrustes and non‐Procrustes superimpositions; shovel‐shape incisors; virtual anthropology
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Mathematics and Statistics
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Related URLs:
Item ID: 68438
Depositing User: Kaustubh Adhikari
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 14:59
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2020 16:48
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU