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Considering embodied energy and carbon in heritage buildings – a review

Wise, F.; Moncaster, A.; Jones, D. and Dewberry, E. (2019). Considering embodied energy and carbon in heritage buildings – a review. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 329, article no. 012002.

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Approximately 20% of UK buildings can be defined as ‘heritage buildings’, offering unique values that should be preserved. They tend to use more energy than newer buildings, creating a strong case for energy retrofits to reduce energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and improve thermal comfort. However, few studies of heritage retrofits examine embodied impacts, which are the energy and carbon impacts required to manufacture, transport and construct materials and components. This study considers the whole life (embodied plus operational) impacts of retrofitting heritage buildings, through a systematic literature review and thematic analysis. It concludes that; both embodied and operational impacts should be considered in retrofitting projects, retrofitting is better than demolish and rebuild in lifecycle terms, there is a lack of policy mandating for the measurement of lifecycle impacts and low impact retrofitting can be better for conserving heritage values and reducing embodied carbon.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2019 The Authors
ISSN: 1755-1315
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Not SetNot SetDesign Star
Keywords: Embodied Carbon; Embodied Energy; Heritage Buildings; Historic Buildings; Carbon; Energy; Buildings;
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Design and Innovation
Item ID: 67317
Depositing User: Freya Wise
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2019 11:08
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2020 23:48
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