Assessing cognitive bias in forensic decisions: A review and outlook

Curley, Lee J.; Munro, James; Lages, Martin; MacLean, Rory and Murray, Jennifer (2020). Assessing cognitive bias in forensic decisions: A review and outlook. Journal of Forensic Sciences (Early Access).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14220

Abstract

In recent years, a number of studies have demonstrated that forensic examiners can be biased by task-irrelevant contextual information. However, concerns relating to methodological flaws and ecological validity attenuate how much the current body of knowledge can be applied to real-life operational settings. The current review takes a narrative approach to synthesising the literature across forensic science. Further, the review considers three main issues: 1) primary research on contextual bias within forensic science; 2) methodological criticisms of this research; 3) an alternative perspective that task-irrelevant contextual information does not always lead to error. One suggestion for future research is outlined, which is that studies on contextual bias in forensic decisions should be conducted in collaboration between forensic scientists and cognitive psychologists. Only then can rigorous and ecological valid experiments be created that will be able to assess how task-irrelevant contextual information influences forensic analysis and judgements in operationally valid settings.

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