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Not Wanted: On Scharp's Solution to the Liar

Pinder, Mark (2019). Not Wanted: On Scharp's Solution to the Liar. Erkenntnis (In Press).

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-019-00170-x
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Abstract

Kevin Scharp argues that the concept of truth is defective, and is therefore unable to play its intended role in natural language truth-conditional semantics. As such, for this theoretical purpose, Scharp constructs two replacements: ascending truth and descending truth. Scharp applies the resultant theory, AD semantics, to the liar sentence, thereby obtaining a novel solution to the liar paradox. The aim of the present paper is fourfold. First, I show that, contrary to Scharp’s claims, AD semantics in fact yields an inconsistency when applied to standard liar sentences. Second, I diagnose the problem: AD semantics mishandles negation. I propose an alternative treatment, resulting in what I call AD* semantics. Third, I show that AD* semantics gives Scharp the resources required to respond to an alleged revenge paradox that has been raised against his view. Finally, I argue that, these consequences notwithstanding, it remains unclear whether AD* semantics provides an adequate account of alethic paradoxes more generally.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 1572-8420
Keywords: liar paradox; scharp; inconsistency theory; semantics; truth; revenge
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies > Philosophy
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Item ID: 66777
Depositing User: Mark Pinder
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 09:31
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2019 09:38
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/66777
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