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Advances in Facial Composite Technology, Utilizing Holistic Construction, Do Not Lead to an Increase in Eyewitness Misidentifications Compared to Older Feature-Based Systems

Pike, Graham; Brace, Nicola; Turner, Jim; Ness, Hayley and Vredeveldt, Annelies (2019). Advances in Facial Composite Technology, Utilizing Holistic Construction, Do Not Lead to an Increase in Eyewitness Misidentifications Compared to Older Feature-Based Systems. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, article no. 1962.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01962
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Abstract

An eyewitness can contribute to a police investigation both by creating a composite image of the face of the perpetrator and by attempting to identify them during an identification procedure. This raises the potential issue that creating a composite of a perpetrator might then interfere with the subsequent identification of that perpetrator. Previous research exploring this issue has tended to use older feature-based composite systems, but the introduction of new holistic composite systems is an important development as they were designed to be a better match for human cognition and are likely to interact with memory in a different way. This issue was explored in the current experiment. Participants were randomly assigned to a feature-based composite construction condition (using E-FIT), a holistic-based composite construction condition (using EFIT-V) or a control condition. An ecologically valid delay between seeing a staged crime, creating the composite, and completing the identification task was employed to better match conditions in real investigations. The results showed that neither type of composite construction had an effect on participants’ accuracy on a subsequent identification task. This suggests that facial composite systems, including holistic systems, may not negatively impact subsequent eyewitness identification evidence.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2019 The Authors
ISSN: 1664-1078
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Synthesis of facial composites for improved suspect identificationGR/S06745/01EPSRC
Keywords: facial composite; eyewitness identification; eyewitness memory; post-event information; unconscious transference
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Psychology and Counselling > Psychology
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Psychology and Counselling
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Research Group: Centre for Policing Research and Learning (CPRL)
Harm and Evidence Research Collaborative (HERC)
Item ID: 66324
Depositing User: Graham Pike
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2019 09:35
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 16:33
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/66324
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