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Tectonic erosion and crustal relamination during the India-Asian continental collision: Insights from Eocene magmatism in the southeastern Gangdese belt

Guo, Liang; Zhang, Hong-Fei; Harris, Nigel; Luo, Bi-Ji; Zhang, Wen and Xu, Wang-Chun (2019). Tectonic erosion and crustal relamination during the India-Asian continental collision: Insights from Eocene magmatism in the southeastern Gangdese belt. Lithos, 346-347, article no. 105161.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2019.105161
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Abstract

Understanding the processes of tectonic erosion and crustal relamination during continental collision has important implications for the growth and differentiation of the continental crust. The discrepancy in isotopic compositions between the pre- and syn-collision magmatic rocks from the Gangdese belt in south Tibet provides an opportunity for studying these processes during the India-Asian collision. The Nyingchi granites and Confluence hornblende gabbros from the eastern Gangdese belt have zircon U-Pb ages of ca. 50 Ma. The Nyingchi granites have high Sr/Y and (Dy/Yb)N ratios, indicating that the magma was generated under eclogite-facies conditions. Their Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic compositions require significant incorporation of ancient supracrustal materials from the Gangdese belt and the Indian continent. The Confluence hornblende gabbros display arc-like trace element patterns but have enriched Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic compositions compared with those from the Jurassic-Cretaceous arc magmatic rocks, indicating significant input of ancient components into their mantle sources. The occurrence of the Cenozoic felsic metamorphic rocks in the lower crust of the Gangdese belt allows us to propose that the Nyingchi high Sr/Y granites were derived from partial melting of relaminated crustal materials which were removed from the Gangdese belt by tectonic erosion and the subducted Indian continent. The Confluence gabbros were sourced from lithospheric mantle which was metasomatized by inputs from relaminated crustal materials derived from the Gangdese belt and the subducted Indian continent. The estimated tectonic erosion rate is 150–188 km3/km/my, indicating significant crustal loss occurred during continental collision. Our study demonstrates that tectonic erosion and crustal relamination play an important role in the refinement of the composition of continental crust during continental collision.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 0024-4937
Keywords: Tectonic erosion; Relamination; Continental collision; Gangdese belt; Magmatism
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 66178
Depositing User: ORO Import
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2019 13:38
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2019 04:29
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/66178
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