Management Strategies for Nitrate Removal from Water

Zare, M.; Vakilifard, N. and Azizian, S. (2012). Management Strategies for Nitrate Removal from Water. In: National Conference on Environment Measurement and Modelling, 2012, University of Tehran [Paper published in Persian].

Abstract

Due to growing world population and expanding cities, comprehensive and integrated management of water resources and their utilization as a stable source become more important than before. Nitrate (NO3-) is one of the major sources of water pollution. It is one of the inorganic anions which obtain from nitrogen oxidation. This substance enters aquatic ecosystems through fertilizers, industrial waste, human and livestock sewage, acidic rain and excess nitrogen in the plant roots. Nitrogen compounds may cause many problems in surface water and groundwater. Various methods can be used to remove this pollutant, namely physical, chemical and biological methods which most of them are too expensive. The implementation of management strategies results in less need for work experts and leads to lower costs. In the present study we introduce management strategies and their effects.

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