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Water Security and Clean Energy, Co-benefits of an Integrated Water and Energy Management

Vakilifard, Negar; Bahri, Parisa A.; Anda, Martin and Ho, Goen (2017). Water Security and Clean Energy, Co-benefits of an Integrated Water and Energy Management. In: 27th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 40. Elsevier, pp. 1363–1368.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63965-3.50229-4
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Abstract

Considering daily surplus output from grid-connected rooftop photovoltaics (PVs) as part of an urban water-related energy mix, this can incentivise the connection of higher number of PVs to the existing grid networks. It has also the benefit of delivering sustainability to energy-intensive water supply technologies such as desalination in cities located in dry climate regions. In this paper, we describe an optimal operation of a desalination-based urban water supply system driven by both grid electricity and surplus PV output. Three tools of geographical information system, system advisor model and Excel are integrated to support a linear programming model. The model is solved through a two-step optimisation approach taking into account water and energy demand and supply systems as well as time of use electricity tariffs. The optimum solution for the north-western corridor of Perth, Australia, shows 12.1 % total cost reduction per day for water supplier and 123 % increase in PV installation capacity; resulting in great benefits for both water and energy sectors.

Item Type: Book Section
ISSN: 1570-7946
Keywords: Desalination; rooftop photovoltaics; optimisation; water supply
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 62539
Depositing User: Negar Vakilifard
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2019 11:48
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2019 09:05
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/62539
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