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An archaeological and chemical investigation of 11th–12th centuries AD glasses from Zeyrek Camii (the Pantokrator church) in Byzantine Constantinople

Siu, Ieong; Henderson, Julian; Canav-Özgümüş, Üzlifat and Tindle, Andrew G. (2019). An archaeological and chemical investigation of 11th–12th centuries AD glasses from Zeyrek Camii (the Pantokrator church) in Byzantine Constantinople. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 11(6) pp. 2637–2647.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0700-0
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Abstract

Fifteen glass window, vessel and glass chunk samples collected from the western part and substructure of Zeyrek Camii (the Pantokrator Church) in Istanbul were analysed using an electron microprobe (EPMA). The results show that these samples are all soda-lime-silica glass. Based on the major and minor elements, two different compositional groups were identified and evidence of recycling/mixing was also revealed. Group 1 is plant ash-based glass, while group 2 is the result of mixing natron and plant ash glasses. Comparison with contemporary glass objects from the eastern Mediterranean shows that these glasses probably derived from at least two different production zones in the Syro-Palestinian region: (1) possibly Damascus or Banias and (2) possibly Tyre. The authors suggest that the trading of plant ash glasses between the Byzantine Empire and the Middle East in the 11th–12th centuries AD was well established based on the archaeological and scientific evidence.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2018 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
ISSN: 1866-9557
Keywords: Byzantine glass; Plant ash glass; Recycling; Electron microprobe; Zeyrek Camii
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 61479
Depositing User: ORO Import
Date Deposited: 28 May 2019 08:09
Last Modified: 28 May 2019 10:45
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/61479
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