Crabb, E.M.; Ravikumar, M.K.; Thompsett, D.; Hurford, M.; Rose, A. and Russell, A.E.
Effect of Ru surface composition on the CO tolerance of Ru modified carbon supported Pt catalysts.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 6(8) pp. 1792–1798.
A series of ruthenium modified carbon supported catalysts have been prepared by surface organometallic chemistry (SOMC) with the following nominal RuPt surface ratios, (14)RuPt/C, (12)RuPt/C, (34)RuPt/C and (11)RuPt/C. The catalysts were characterised using X-ray diffraction (XRD), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and half-cell polarisation studies. The XRD measurements showed that a bulk PtRu alloy was not formed following SOMC modification. However, the EXAFS measurements indicated that a surface alloy is formed upon electrochemical reduction of the Ru modified catalysts. The CV studies show that the electrooxidation of CO on the Ru modified Pt/C catalysts occurs at lower potentials than on the unmodified Pt/C catalysts, but at higher potentials than on an alloyed PtRu/C with a bulk composition of 11 PtRu. Half cell polarisation measurements in 100 ppm CO in H2 show that the CO tolerance of the SOMC RuPt/C catalysts approached that of the conventional PtRu/C alloy catalyst. The results therefore indicate that a bulk alloy phase is not an essential factor in the improvement in CO tolerance of PtRu/C catalysts over that of Pt/C.
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