The Local practices of assessment.
Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 31(4) pp. 435–452.
It is argued that assessment discourses are essentially local discourses. Assessment warrants, such as certificates and diplomas, are essentially local creations. They ought not to be treated as valid and reliable descriptions of general achievement. The case is developed by distinguishing between three forms of assessment and arguing that different forms of assessment support different degrees of confidence in our judgements of achievement.
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