JINGLE, a JCMT legacy survey of dust and gas for galaxy evolution studies: II. SCUBA-2 850µm data reduction and dust flux density catalogues

Smith, Matthew W. L.; Clark, Christopher J. R.; De Looze, Ilse; Lamperti, Isabella; Saintonge, Amélie; Wilson, Christine D.; Accurso, Gioacchino; Brinks, Elias; Bureau, Martin; Chung, Eun Jung; Cigan, Phillip J.; Clements, David L.; Dharmawardena, Thavisha; Fanciullo, Lapo; Gao, Yang; Gao, Yu; Gear, Walter K.; Gomez, Haley L.; Greenslade, Joshua; Hwang, Ho Seong; Kemper, Francisca; Lee, Jong Chul; Li, Cheng; Lin, Lihwai; Liu, Lijie; Molnár, Dániel Cs; Mok, Angus; Pan, Hsi-An; Sargent, Mark; Scicluna, Peter; Smith, Connor M. A.; Urquhart, Sheona; Williams, Thomas G.; Xiao, Ting; Yang, Chentao and Zhu, Ming (2019). JINGLE, a JCMT legacy survey of dust and gas for galaxy evolution studies: II. SCUBA-2 850µm data reduction and dust flux density catalogues. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 486(3) pp. 4166–4185.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1102

Abstract

We present the SCUBA-2 850µm component of JINGLE, the new JCMT large survey for dust and gas in nearby galaxies, which with 193 galaxies is the largest targeted survey of nearby galaxies at 850µm. We provide details of our SCUBA-2 data reduction pipeline, optimised for slightly extended sources, and including a calibration model adjusted to match conventions used in other far-infrared data. We measure total integrated fluxes for the entire JINGLE sample in 10 infrared/submillimetre bands, including all WISE, Herschel-PACS, Herschel-SPIRE and SCUBA-2 850µm maps, statistically accounting for the contamination by CO(J=3-2) in the 850µm band. Of our initial sample of 193 galaxies, 191 are detected at 250µm with a ≥ 5σ significance. In the SCUBA-2 850µm band we detect 126 galaxies with ≥ 3σ significance. The distribution of the JINGLE galaxies in far-infrared/sub-millimetre colour-colour plots reveals that the sample is not well fit by single modified-blackbody models that assume a single dust-emissivity index (β). Instead, our new 850µm data suggest either that a large fraction of our objects require β < 1.5, or that a model allowing for an excess of sub-mm emission (e.g., a broken dust emissivity law, or a very cold dust component ≲10 K) is required. We provide relations to convert far-infrared colours to dust temperature and β for JINGLE-like galaxies. For JINGLE the FIR colours correlate more strongly with star-formation rate surface-density rather than the stellar surface-density, suggesting heating of dust is greater due to younger rather than older stellar-populations, consistent with the low proportion of early-type galaxies in the sample.

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