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Synthesis and characterization of Nanometric Iron and Iron-Titanium Oxides by mechanical milling: electrochemical properties as Anodic materials in Lithium Cells

Morales, Julian; Sanchez, Luis; Martin, Francisco; Berry, Frank and Ren, Xiaolin (2005). Synthesis and characterization of Nanometric Iron and Iron-Titanium Oxides by mechanical milling: electrochemical properties as Anodic materials in Lithium Cells. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 152(9) A1748-A1754.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.1972812
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Abstract

Nanometric mixed iron-titanium oxides were prepared by mechanical milling with a view to determining their ability to act as anodic materials in lithium cells. At a TiO2/Fe2O3 mole ratio of 0.4, a solid-state reaction occurs that leads to the formation of Fe5TiO8, which possesses a spinel-like structure; at lower ratios, however, the structure retains the hematite framework. Li/g-Fe2O3 cells exhibit poor electrochemical reversibility; by contrast, Ti-containing electrodes possess improved cycling properties. Changes in the electrodes upon cycling were examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XPS data confirm the participation of electrolyte in the electrochemical reaction and the different type of electrochemical reversibility exhibited by samples. Both processes were influenced by the presence of titanium. Titanium dioxide, in the presence of iron oxides, seems to be inactive to the electrochemical process. Based on the step potential electrochemical spectroscopy (SPES) curves and photoelectron spectra obtained, the presence of Ti increases the reversibility of the redox reactions undergone by the electrolyte during discharge/charge processes. The increased active-material/electrolyte/inactive-material interaction which is reported here offers new perspectives for the use of well-known transition oxides as anode materials in Li-ion batteries.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 0013-4651
Extra Information: Some of the symbols may not have transferred correctly into this bibliographic record and/or abstract.
Keywords: li-ion batteries; thin-film electrodes; rechargeable batteries; negative-electrode; performance; alpha-fe2o3; reactivity; reduction; CO3O4; tin
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Other Departments > Other Departments
Item ID: 6019
Depositing User: Frank Berry
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2006
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2010 19:55
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/6019
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