The Open UniversitySkip to content

Effects of Changes in Background Colour on the Identification of Own- and Other-Race Faces

Havard, Catriona; Richter, Stephanie and Thirkettle, Martin (2019). Effects of Changes in Background Colour on the Identification of Own- and Other-Race Faces. i-Perception, 10(2) pp. 1–11.

Full text available as:
PDF (Version of Record) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (398kB) | Preview
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


The current study investigated whether small differences in the background colours between the lineup members would influence identification accuracy of own-race and other-race faces. Using the well-established 1 in 10 paradigm, half of the array faces had exactly the same backgrounds and half were on backgrounds of slightly different hues of green. For TP arrays, participants were more accurate at identifying own-race faces, as compared to the other-race faces when all backgrounds were the same. However, when backgrounds had slightly different hues, there was no difference in how accurate people were at identifying faces from both races. For TA arrays, participants were more likely to incorrectly choose a face if the backgrounds were not all the same, regardless of the race of faces. Real world implications from these findings are that using lineups where the backgrounds are slightly different hues may increase the likelihood of the false identification of innocent suspects.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2019 The Authors
ISSN: 2041-6695
Keywords: colour; face perception; memory; perception; search/exploration; social cognition; visual memory
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Psychology
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Research Group: Harm and Evidence Research Collaborative (HERC)
Item ID: 59908
Depositing User: Catriona Havard
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2019 10:22
Last Modified: 21 May 2019 20:12
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU