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Quantitative characterization of spin-orbit torques in Pt/Co/Pt/Co/Ta/BTO heterostructures due to the magnetization azimuthal angle dependence

Engel, Christian; Goolaup, Sarjoosing; Luo, Feilong and Lew, Wen Siang (2017). Quantitative characterization of spin-orbit torques in Pt/Co/Pt/Co/Ta/BTO heterostructures due to the magnetization azimuthal angle dependence. Physical Review B, 96(5), article no. 054407.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.96.054407
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Abstract

Substantial understanding of spin-orbit interactions in heavy-metal (HM)/ferromagnet (FM)heterostructures is crucial in developing spin-orbit torque (SOT) spintronics devices utilizing spin Hall and Rashba effects. Though the study of SOT effective field dependence on the out-of-plane magnetization angle has been relatively extensive, the understanding of in-plane magnetization angle dependence remains unknown. Here, we analytically propose a method to compute the SOT effective fields as a function of the in-plane magnetization angle using the harmonic Hall technique in perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) structures. Two different samples with PMA, a Pt/Co/Pt/Co/Ta/BaTi O3 (BTO) test sample and a Pt/Co/Pt/Co/Ta reference sample, are studied using the derived formula. Our measurements reveal that only the dampinglike field of the test sample with a BTO capping layer exhibits an in-plane magnetization angle dependence, while no angular dependence is found in the reference sample. The presence of the BTO layer in the test sample, which gives rise to a Rashba effect at the interface, is ascribed as the source of the angular dependence of the dampinglike field.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2017 American Physical Society
ISSN: 2469-9969
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 59801
Depositing User: Vikram Goolaup
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 11:27
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2019 01:21
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/59801
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