Symmetry in copper and silver cryptates

Speed, David John (2002). Symmetry in copper and silver cryptates. PhD thesis The Open University.



The cryptand ligands imBT (1,4,7,10,13,16,21,24-Octaaza-bicyclo[8.8.8]hexacosa-4,6,13,15,21,23-hexaene) and amBT (1,4,7,10,13,16,21,24-Octaazabicycl0[8.8.8]hexacosane) form interesting disilver(I) and trisilver(I) cryptates, as well as a dicopper(I) and a well studied average valence dicopper(1.5) cryptate. Detailed structural and spectroscopic studies of the silver cryptates show that complex equilibria exist in solution, and the trisilver form appears to be thermodynamically favoured, the additional stabilisation apparently being due to argentophilic interactions.

An optically pure form of the dicopper(I) imBT cryptate was successfully obtained, and is undergoing X-ray diffraction studies aimed at determining whether a copper-copper interaction exists, by direct examination of the electron density.

Synthetic studies aimed at introducing substitution to the imBT and amBT ligands were complicated by competing reactions. A strategy to modify cryptand cavity size by incorporating asymmetric tetraamine caps succeeded, yielding dicopper(I) and disilver(I) cryptates with properties intermediate between cryptates incorporating the related symmetric caps.

Manganese(II) cryptates of imBT and amBT were investigated as potential MRl contrast agents, the iminocryptate showing surprisingly high relaxivity, despite the fact that no water molecules were located in the crystal structure.

The observation of high mass peaks in the FAB mass spectra of imBT and amBT cryptates suggests the presence of 6+4 Schiff base condensation products, as well as the more abundant 3+2 products. It has not proved possible to isolate these molecules as yet, however initial studies aimed at a rational synthesis of the 6+4 condensation products were made, as these ligands could be of great interest for modelling the recently reported CUz site.

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