The Open UniversitySkip to content

Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know?

Rettberg, Petra; Antunes, André; Brucato, John; Cabezas, Patricia; Collins, Geoffrey; Haddaji, Alissa; Kminek, Gerhard; Leuko, Stefan; McKenna-Lawlor, Susan; Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Fellous, Jean-Louis; Olsson-Francis, Karen; Pearce, David; Rabbow, Elke; Royle, Samuel; Saunders, Mark; Sephton, Mark; Spry, Andy; Walter, Nicolas; Wimmer Schweingruber, Robert and Treuet, Jean-Charles (2019). Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know? Astrobiology, 19(8) pp. 951–974.

Full text available as:
PDF (Version of Record) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (934kB) | Preview
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


To ensure that scientific investments in space exploration are not compromised by terrestrial contamination of celestial bodies, special care needs to be taken to preserve planetary conditions for future astrobiological exploration. Significant effort has been made and is being taken to address planetary protection in the context of inner Solar System exploration. In particular for missions to Mars, detailed internationally accepted guidelines have been established. For missions to the icy moons in the outer Solar System, Europa and Enceladus, the planetary protection requirements are so far based on a probabilistic approach and a conservative estimate of poorly known parameters. One objective of the European Commission-funded project, Planetary Protection of Outer Solar System, was to assess the existing planetary protection approach, to identify inherent knowledge gaps, and to recommend scientific investigations necessary to update the requirements for missions to the icy moons.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2019 The Authors
ISSN: 1557-8070
Keywords: icy moons; Europa; Enceladus; planetary protection; requirement; spacecraft
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 59263
SWORD Depositor: Jisc Publications-Router
Depositing User: Jisc Publications-Router
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2019 10:27
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2019 11:07
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU