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Going beyond hunger: Linking food supplies to global malnutrition

Coghlan, Christopher M. and Bhagwat, Shonil A. (2019). Going beyond hunger: Linking food supplies to global malnutrition. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift - Norwegian Journal of Geography, 73(2) pp. 128–134.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/00291951.2019.1569125
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Abstract

International food security and nutrition studies focus mainly on hunger rather than dietary diversity and the nutritional requirements essential for a productive life. The authors present a method that processes Food and Agriculture Organization food supply data into World Health Organization food groups to determine whether national food supply satisfies nutritional requirements for medium energy intake (i.e. c.2200 calories per day) rather than minimum energy intake. They employ a modified version of the International Food Policy Research Institute’s 2013 Global Hunger Index to group nations for comparison. The results show that most nations have a deficit in at least one of four required food groups. However, many developed Mediterranean nations with low levels of hunger display an adequate supply of all food groups. The positioning represents a successful model for managing the nutrition transition from plant-based diets to the consumption of animal protein, oils, fats, and sugars and other carbohydrates. Additionally, the results suggest that health risks associated with overweight and obesity may increase with societal development. Accordingly, the authors conclude that information on medium energy requirements should be combined with complementary socio-economic analysis to inform food and nutrition research and policy.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2019 Norwegian Geographical Society
ISSN: 0029-1951
Keywords: dietary diversity; food grouping method; food supply; nutrition transition
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies > Geography
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Social Sciences and Global Studies
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Research Group: OpenSpace Research Centre (OSRC)
Item ID: 59048
Depositing User: Shonil Bhagwat
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2019 09:44
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 23:00
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/59048
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