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Gold basin meteorite strewn field, Mojave Desert, northwestern Arizona: Relic of a small late pleistocene impact event

Kring, DA; Jull, AJT; McHargue, LR; Bland, PA; Hill, DH and Berry, Frank (2001). Gold basin meteorite strewn field, Mojave Desert, northwestern Arizona: Relic of a small late pleistocene impact event. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 36(8) pp. 1057–1066.

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Abstract

Over 4450 meteorite specimens with a total mass of 168 760 g have been found in the Gold Basin (L4) strewn field over an area of 225 km(2). The meteorite is a breccia, composed only of fragments of L-chondrite materials. The parent meteoroid had a kinetic energy equivalent to similar to5 to 50 ktons when it hit the top of the atmosphere. Cosmogenic nuclide studies indicate the meteorite has a terrestrial age of 15 000 +/- 600 years, corresponding to the Late Pinedale portion of the Wisconsin Glaciation. Conditions in the Gold Basin, which is now part of the Mojave Desert, were wetter and cooler at the time of the fall. Mossbauer analyses indicate the sample is 30 to 35% oxidized. This is less than that in meteorites with similar ages found in eastern New Mexico, but comparable to that found in meteorites from the Sahara and the Nullarbor Region. Oxidation is likely to have occurred soon after the fall, when exposure to precipitation was at its maximum. Four other new meteorites were also found in the Gold Basin strewn field.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 0026-1114
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Item ID: 5771
Depositing User: David Shuker
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2006
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2010 19:54
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/5771
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