The Open UniversitySkip to content
 

Early Nietzsche on History, Embodiment, and Value

Dries, Manuel (2018). Early Nietzsche on History, Embodiment, and Value. In: Dries, Manuel ed. Nietzsche on Consciousness and the Embodied Mind. Monographien und Texte zur Nietzsche-Forschung (MTNF) (70). Boston, USA; Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter, pp. 49–70.

Full text available as:
Full text not publicly available
Due to publisher licensing restrictions, this file is not available for public download
Click here to request a copy from the OU Author.
URL: https://www.degruyter.com/view/product/119447
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110246537-004
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar

Abstract

"This chapter offers a new perspective on Nietzsche’s important early text On the Use and Disadvantage of History for Life (HL). The centrality of the embodiment of mind, self, and values for the later Nietzsche is widely acknowledged, but I here argue that the “historical sickness [die historische Krankheit]” that is the central concern of HL is diagnosed already in this early text as a failure to understand the embodied nature of human values. In section 3.2, I show that a precursor to Nietzsche’s figure of “the last human” is already the target in HL. In section 3.3, following recent research, I offer working definitions for terms such as “drives,” “affects,” and “values” that are crucial for understanding Nietzsche’s diagnostic framework: Nietzschean selves are best understood as complex, embodied systems of drives with affective orientations, as well as embodied unconscious and conscious values. While this picture of selves as embodied self-systems of drives and affects emerges fully only in Nietzsche’s later writings, I propose that it can be identified and applies already in HL. In section 3.4, I focus on a neglected passage that contrasts the medieval memento mori with a modern memento vivere. I interpret the memento mori as an embodied mechanism of willing and self-control, which Nietzsche claims the moderns have been unsuccessful in replacing. In the final section (3.5), I draw on recent research in embodied cogni- tion to illuminate two hypotheses—I label these “overload” and “semantic embodiment”—that Nietzsche considers as causes of the moderns’ “historical sickness” that undermines their flourishing."

Item Type: Book Section
Copyright Holders: 2018 Manuel Dries, 2018 Walter de Gruyter Publishers
ISBN: 3-11-024653-8, 978-3-11-024653-7
Keywords: Nietzsche; values; "Untimely Meditations"; history; philosophy of mind; consciousness; metaphysics; materialism; body; embodiment; ethics
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Politics, Philosophy, Economics, Development, Geography > Philosophy
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) > Politics, Philosophy, Economics, Development, Geography
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
Item ID: 57098
Depositing User: Manuel Dries
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2018 13:20
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 18:45
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/57098
Share this page:

Metrics

Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU