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Suitability of developed composite materials for meniscal replacement: mechanical, friction and wear evaluation

Inyang, Adijat Omuwumi; Abdalrahman, Tamer; Bezuidenhout, Deon; Bowen, James and Vaughan, Christopher Leonard (2019). Suitability of developed composite materials for meniscal replacement: mechanical, friction and wear evaluation. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 89 pp. 217–226.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.09.025
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Abstract

The meniscus is a complex and frequently damaged tissue which requires a substitute capable of reproducing similar biomechanical functions. This study aims to develop a synthetic meniscal substitute that can mimic the function of the native meniscus.

Medical grade silicones reinforced with nylon were fabricated using compression moulding and evaluated for mechanical and tribological properties. The optimal properties were obtained with tensile modulus increased considerably from 10.7 ± 2.9 MPa to 114.6 ± 20.9 MPa while compressive modulus was found to reduce from 2.5 ± 0.6 MPa to 0.7 ± 0.3 MPa. Using a tribometer, the coefficient of friction of 0.08 ± 0.02 was measured at the end of the 100,000 cycles.

The developed composite could be an auspicious substitute for the native meniscus and the knowledge gained from this study is useful as it enhances the understanding of a potentially suitable material for meniscal implants.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN: 1751-6161
Keywords: meniscus; reinforcement; meniscal replacement; composites
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Research Group: Smart Materials
Item ID: 56960
Depositing User: James Bowen
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 09:59
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 01:00
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/56960
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