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Schizosaccharomyces pombe Pol II transcription elongation factor ELL functions as part of a rudimentary super elongation complex

Gopalan, Sneha; Gibbon, Dana M.; Banks, Charles A.S.; Zhang, Ying; Florens, Laurence A.; Washburn, Michael P.; Dabas, Preeti; Sharma, Nimisha; Seidel, Christopher W.; Conaway, Ronald C. and Conaway, Joan W. (2018). Schizosaccharomyces pombe Pol II transcription elongation factor ELL functions as part of a rudimentary super elongation complex. Nucleic Acids Research, 46(19) pp. 10095–10195.

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ELL family transcription factors activate the overall rate of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription elongation by binding directly to Pol II and suppressing its tendency to pause. In metazoa, ELL regulates Pol II transcription elongation as part of a large multisubunit complex referred to as the Super Elongation Complex (SEC), which includes P-TEFb and EAF, AF9 or ENL, and an AFF family protein. Although orthologs of ELL and EAF have been identified in lower eukaryotes including Schizosaccharomyces pombe, it has been unclear whether SEClike complexes function in lower eukaryotes. In this report, we describe isolation from S. pombe of an ELL-containing complex with features of a rudimentary SEC. This complex includes S. pombe Ell1, Eaf1, and a previously uncharacterized protein we designate Ell1 binding protein 1 (Ebp1), which is distantly related to metazoan AFF family members. Like the metazoan SEC, this S. pombe ELL complex appears to function broadly in Pol II transcription. Interestingly, it appears to have a particularly important role in regulating genes involved in cell separation.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2018 The Authors
ISSN: 1362-4962
Keywords: genetics
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 56256
SWORD Depositor: Jisc Publications-Router
Depositing User: Jisc Publications-Router
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2018 10:58
Last Modified: 05 May 2019 03:40
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