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Finding the global groove: theorising and analysing dynamic reader positioning using APPRAISAL, corpus and a concordancer

Coffin, C. and O'Halloran, K. (2005). Finding the global groove: theorising and analysing dynamic reader positioning using APPRAISAL, corpus and a concordancer. Critical Discourse Studies, 2(2) pp. 143–163.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17405900500283607
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Abstract

Within critical discourse analysis (CDA), there has been ongoing interest in how texts position readers to view social and political events in a particular way. Traditionally, analysts have not examined how positioning is built up dynamically as a reader progresses through a text by tracing how earlier parts of a text are likely to affect subsequent interpretation. This article shows how APPRAISAL tools (as developed within the systemic functional tradition) can be usefully employed within CDA to do this. Using a story from The Sun newspaper website as illustration, we show how due to a cumulative groove of semantic patterning, the reader is dynamically positioned to interpret a seemingly neutral statement at the end of the story in a negative way. We show how potential analyst 'over-interpretation' can be checked through the use of a concordancer. We also demonstrate how a specialised corpus can go some way to grounding the APPRAISAL analysis in terms of the context of the target readership and the meanings they are routinely exposed to. This we argue facilitates an explanatory critique of the way in which a text is likely to be understood by its target readership in relation to the socio-political-economic context.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2005 Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1740-5904
Keywords: APPRAISAL; corpus linguistics; critical discourse analysis; dynamic reader positioning; evaluative meaning; news texts; explanatory critique
Academic Unit/Department: Education and Language Studies > Centre for Language and Communication
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Item ID: 5534
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2006
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2012 19:50
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/5534
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