Can distortions in agriculture support structural transformation? The case of Uzbekistan

Lombardozzi, Lorena (2019). Can distortions in agriculture support structural transformation? The case of Uzbekistan. Post-Communist Economies, 31(1) pp. 52–74.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14631377.2018.1458486

Abstract

The agricultural sector plays a strategic role in the development process of a country. However, the tools used to trigger economic development are objects of controversy in theory and practice. While neoclassical theory contends that state interventions and protectionism create inefficiencies and sub-optimal allocation of resources, heterodox authors argue that those measures can be instrumental in fostering growth. Uzbekistan has applied heterodox distortive measures in agriculture. This paper investigates the implications of those distortions for the Uzbek economy. I argue that state interventions in agriculture, through surplus extraction and economies of scale, have facilitated investments in added-value industries, driving national structural transformation.

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