The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XXIII. Two massive double-lined binaries in 30 Doradus

Howarth, I. D.; Dufton, P. L.; Dunstall, P. R.; Evans, C. J.; Almeida, L. A.; Bonanos, A. Z.; Clark, J. S.; Langer, N.; Sana, H.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Soszyński, I. and Taylor, W. D. (2015). The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XXIII. Two massive double-lined binaries in 30 Doradus. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 582, article no. A73.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201526408

Abstract

Aims. We investigate the characteristics of two newly discovered short-period, double-lined, massive binary systems in the Large Magellanic Cloud, VFTS 450 (O9.7 II–Ib + O7::) and VFTS 652 (B1 Ib + O9: III:).

Methods. We perform model-atmosphere analyses to characterise the photospheric properties of both members of each binary (denoting the “primary” as the spectroscopically more conspicuous component). Radial velocities and optical photometry are used to estimate the binary-system parameters.

Results. We estimate Teff = 27 kK, log g = 2.9 (cgs) for the VFTS 450 primary spectrum (34 kK, 3.6: for the secondary spectrum); and Teff = 22 kK, log g = 2.8 for the VFTS 652 primary spectrum (35 kK, 3.7: for the secondary spectrum). Both primaries show surface nitrogen enrichments (of more than 1 dex for VFTS 652), and probable moderate oxygen depletions relative to reference LMC abundances. We determine orbital periods of 6.89 d and 8.59 d for VFTS 450 and VFTS 652, respectively, and argue that the primaries must be close to filling their Roche lobes. Supposing this to be the case, we estimate component masses in the range ∼20–50 M.

Conclusions. The secondary spectra are associated with the more massive components, suggesting that both systems are high-mass analogues of classical Algol systems, undergoing case-A mass transfer. Difficulties in reconciling the spectroscopic analyses with the light-curves and with evolutionary considerations suggest that the secondary spectra are contaminated by (or arise in) accretion disks.

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