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Correspondence between sound propagation in discrete and continuous random media with application to forest acoustics

Ostashev, Vladimir E.; Wilson, D. Keith; Muhlestein, Michael B. and Attenborough, Keith (2018). Correspondence between sound propagation in discrete and continuous random media with application to forest acoustics. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 143(2) pp. 1194–1205.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5024904
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Abstract

Although sound propagation in a forest is important in several applications, there are currently no rigorous yet computationally tractable prediction methods. Due to the complexity of sound scattering in a forest, it is natural to formulate the problem stochastically. In this paper, it is demonstrated that the equations for the statistical moments of the sound field propagating in a forest have the same form as those for sound propagation in a turbulent atmosphere if the scattering properties of the two media are expressed in terms of the differential scattering and total cross sections. Using the existing theories for sound propagation in a turbulent atmosphere, this analogy enables the derivation of several results for predicting forest acoustics. In particular, the second-moment parabolic equation is formulated for the spatial correlation function of the sound field propagating above an impedance ground in a forest with micrometeorology. Effective numerical techniques for solving this equation have been developed in atmospheric acoustics. In another example, formulas are obtained that describe the effect of a forest on the interference between the direct and ground-reflected waves. The formulated correspondence between wave propagation in discrete and continuous random media can also be used in other fields of physics.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 0001-4966
Project Funding Details:
Funded Project NameProject IDFunding Body
Geospatial Research and EngineeringNot SetU.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center
Extra Information: Copyright 2018 Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America.
Keywords: Acoustics and Ultrasonics, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Engineering and Innovation
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 53721
SWORD Depositor: Jisc Publications-Router
Depositing User: Jisc Publications-Router
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2018 15:51
Last Modified: 10 May 2019 16:55
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/53721
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