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Vanguard - a European robotic astrobiology-focussed Mars sub-surface mission proposal

Ellery, Alex; Ball, Andrew J.; Cockell, Charles; Dickensheets, David; Edwards, Howell; Kolb, Christof; Lammer, Helmut; Patel, Manish and Richter, Lutz (2005). Vanguard - a European robotic astrobiology-focussed Mars sub-surface mission proposal. Acta Astronautica, 56(3) pp. 397–407.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2004.05.069
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Abstract

We present a new European Mars mission proposal to build on the UK-led Beagle2 Mars mission and continue its astrobiology-focussed investigation of Mars. The small surface element to be delivered to the Martian surface -Vanguard - is designed to be carried by a Mars Express-type spacecraft bus to Mars and adopts a similar entry, descent and landing system as Beagle2. The surface element comprises a triad of robotic devices—a lander, a micro-rover of the Sojourner class for surface mobility, and three ground-penetrating moles mounted onto the rover for sub-surface penetration to 5 m depth. The major onboard instruments on the rover include a Raman spectrometer/imager, a laser plasma spectrometer, an infrared spectrometer—these laser instruments provide the basis for in situ “remote” sensing of the sub-surface Martian environment within a powerful scientific package. The moles carry the instruments’ sensor head array to the sub-surface. The moles are thus required to undergo a one-way trip down the boreholes without the need for recovery of moles or samples, eliminating much of the robotic complexity invoked by such operations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2004 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN: 0094-5765
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Physical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Item ID: 5348
Depositing User: Users 6044 not found.
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2006
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2014 09:59
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/5348
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